1st Annual Cressey Performance Fall Seminar Review, Part 2

Posted: December 11, 2012 by showmestrength in General

Cp excellence phrase

This is part 2 of our review of the Cressey Performance Fall Seminar…

Eric Schoenberg, MSPT, CSCS- Out with the Old: A new model for preventing injury and improving performance in the throwing athlete

Eric, as a practicing physical therapist in the Boston area, understands fully the complex nature of the shoulder in the throwing athlete, with special emphasis on the proper mechanics and timing shoulder functions. He importantly grasps the Shirley Sahrmann concept of “Movement Systems” gaining traction in the strength, conditioning, baseball, and medical worlds. For too long, many believed that in dealing with an issue in the shoulder or elbow, that one need only treat the shoulder or elbow itself; however, it is evident that issues which present in the shoulder or elbow often times originate from improper movement elsewhere down the kinetic chain “system.”

Modified Nagi Disablement Model
-interesting change to the Nagi Model
-original model: pathokinesiologic- The disease or injury causes the movement fault (i.e. Shoulder impingement causes insufficient scapular upward rotation)
-modified model: kinesiopathological- Movement fault causes “disease” or injury (i.e. Anterior humeral glide causes Bicipital Tendonitis)

Overuse Injuries aplenty
-high school athletics account for more than 2 million injuries annually
-overuse injuries account for half of all middle school and upper school injuries -in MLB, injuries cost teams $487 million in 2011 ($16 million/team)

Deliberate Practice
a topic which we have discussed here
-Talent is Overrated book

-Great performance is determined by deliberate practice
-Corrects faulty movement patterns, works on addressing weaknesses, specific, mentally exhausting, individualized, results in drastic improvement over time
-daily habits important à think about how much more time is spent outside of the gym or in physical therapy, important to be aware of posture and motor function as much as possible when not specifically addressing the issue

Issues with Traditional Throwers Ten/Band programs
provides good activation of musculature, though too much before throwing could lead to fatigue
-doing them with improper mechanics is not going to improve injury, in fact it will exacerbate the problem
-important to do them with proper mechanics a.k.a. deliberate practice of proper timing mechanisms

“You get what you train principle”
-this is the crux of our goal in presenting this information to the baseball world
bad movement (dysfunction) + strength= increased injury risk and decreased athletic performance
corrected movement + proper training = decreased injury risk and optimal athletic performance

Chris Howard, MS, NSCA-CPT, CSCS- Program Design Considerations for the Young Athlete

Chris, a long time trainer, nutritionist, and massage therapist at CP, specializes in training the young athlete. He spoke on a wide range of issues pertaining to developing programs and coaching for the youth athlete including the role of education, physical development considerations, benefits of strength training in the youth population, assessments, proper progressions, and sample programs.

Role of Education
-importance of maintaining a positive, friendly, and encouraging attitude à set the athlete up for success not failure

-advice for presenting a new exercise

  1. Name the exercise
  2. Explain the exercise
  3. Demonstrate the exercise
  4. Have athlete perform the exercise
  5. Observe
  6. Discuss further changes to technique but do not overload the client with hundreds of cues to think about

-if an exercise is too difficult, regress to build base for future progression while maintaining a successful experience for athlete

“Tell me and I’ll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I’ll understand.”
-Chinese proverb

Developmental Considerations
many of the bones are still in active development

  • Proximal Humeral Growth Plate- 19 years old
  • Distal Humeral Growth Plate- 10-16
  • Proximal and Distal Radius- 12-23 yrs old
  • Clavicle- 22-25 yrs old
  • Scapula- 22 yrs old

Benefits to youth population
-increase muscle strength and endurance
-injury prevention
-improvement in sport performance
-increase bone strength and density
-improve confidence and self-esteem

myth: strength training causes stunted growth or increase in injuries à forces experienced by youth athletes during proper strength training is actually less than the forces they experience during competition

Exercise Progressions
bodyweight first à add resistance
– slow and controlled –> increase velocity
-limited range of motion –> full range
-simple –> complex
-bilateral –> single leg
-sagittal plane –> frontal and transverse

-went through the progressions of the main movement patterns: med ball overhead and rotational, deadlift, squat, single leg, horizontal press, horizontal pull, vertical press, vertical pull, anti-extension core, anti-rotation core
-too many to list here, but very interesting and informative to consider when designing programs

check back soon for part 3 including great information from Greg Robins and Tony Gentilcore!


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